The ruling was issued on September 5, 2018, by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit. The court ruled that local governments cannot criminalize indigent, homeless people for sleeping outdoors on public property if the local government fails to provide adequate shelter capacity. The court ruled that arresting homeless people without shelter violates the 8th Amendment against cruel and unusual punishment. The ruling applies to all areas covered by the Ninth Circuit, which is based in San Francisco and includes the western portion of the country, including California, Arizona, and Washington . . .