In the United States, only 16 states provide an adequate range of 10 evidence-based treatment practices and policies for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, who have committed felony and misdemeanor crimes posing a potential threat to the individual or public safety. Evidence-based programs can reduce the risk of re-arrest for individuals with serious mental illness living in the community from an average rate of 40% to 60%, to 10% or less. The 10 evidence-based practices and policies for these offenders include: Designate past offenders with SMI as . . .