Men and women who sustained traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) were 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated than men or women who did not sustain a TBI. This is an adjusted rate that accounted for neighborhood, marginalization, prior history of TBI, and mental health diagnosis history. There were gender differences in the rates of incarceration. Men with a TBI were 2.47 times more likely to be incarcerated than men without a TBI. Although as a group, women were less likely than men to be incarcerated, women with a TBI were 2.76 times more likely to be incarcerated . . .