A review of foster care placements in Illinois, New York, and Tennessee found that from 8% to 19% of children with intensive behavioral needs were placed in treatment/therapeutic foster care (TFC) during an out-of-home care episode between 2008 and 2015. The use of TFC ranged from 8% of 60,193 out-of-home episodes in New York, to 14% of 38,385 out-of-home episodes in Illinois, to 19% of 37,724 out-of-home episodes in Tennessee. TFC is an intensive, treatment-focused form of foster care provided in a family-based setting by trained . . .