Infants who exhibit early insecure-resistant attachment to a parent are more than nine times more likely to receive an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis by age 3. Also called “ambivalent attachment,” children with insecure-resistant attachment have excessive distress upon separations from an attachment figure (such as a parent or caregiver), and when the attachment figure returns, the child tends to continue their distress, and does not use the attachment figure as a secure base. At age 15 months, infants at high risk for ASD, and who were later diagnosed with ASD by age 3, were much more likely . . .
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