Estimated costs for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) exceed those for children with autism by about 26% throughout the world. The mean annual cost for a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is estimated to be $22,810, while the mean annual cost for a child diagnosed with autism is $17,081. The estimated costs are also almost 13% higher for an adult with FASD ($24,308) than an adult with diabetes ($21,224). Annual costs include health care, special education, residential care, criminal justice system, productivity losses due to morbidity and premature mortality, productivity losses of . . .