On July 6, 2020, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a proposed rule that would make an add-on payment for at-home dialysis treatment equipment for Medicare beneficiaries. The proposal includes an increase to the base payment rate from $243.53 to $255.59 per treatment. According to estimates from CMS, about 15% of adults in the U.S., or 37 million people, have chronic kidney disease. A substantial portion (85%) of fee-for-service Medicare members with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) currently go to an outpatient dialysis facility about three times a week, for . . .