There is a growing body of literature exploring how environments in this nation shape our health. To address this issue, public health practitioners are implementing chronic disease policy, systems, and environmental improvements where people live, learn, work, and play. Practitioners are also considering how to ensure such improvements are designed to reverse the negative trends of chronic health conditions among vulnerable population groups. […]
Despite decades of efforts to reduce and eliminate health disparities, they persist—and in some cases, they are widening among some population groups. Such disparities do not have a single cause. They are created and maintained through . . .