Federal and state governments operate three main types of social service programs: income assistance, which provides mostly cash benefits; nutrition assistance, which provides food or vouchers to purchase food; and housing assistance, which provides subsidies for mostly renters. Within each of these categories there are a wide range of programs that serve different subsets of the population and offer different benefits. In fiscal year 2014, U.S. spending on non-health social services totaled $335.77 billion dollars. In 2009, spending on social service programs was $277.65 billion. This is an increase of 21%.
This report explores social service . . .